Against The Rising Sun!
- Life and Times of the 341st Bomb Group (M) -

Allied Code Names
for Japanese W.W.II Aircraft

The naming conventions for Japanese aircraft during W.W.II by the USAAF and USN were not very strict, but in general male names were used for fighter and reconnaissance seaplanes, female names were used for all sorts of bombers and other seaplanes and reconnaissance aircraft, female names starting with 'T' were assigned to transport aircraft, tree names to trainers and bird names to gliders. At the beginning of the war, due to confusion and lack of information, many code names were assigned to non-existent or not used aircraft, especially German designs.


  1. Names of Boys - Fighters and Reconnaissance Seaplanes;
    Abdul -- Nakajima Ki.27; (unofficial code name);
    Adam -- Nakajima SKT-97; (did not exist);
    Alf -- Kawanishi E7K;
    Ben -- Nagoya-Sento KI-001; (did not exist);
    Bob -- Aichi 97 seaplane; (did not exist) and Kawasaki Ki.28
    Claude -- Mitsubishi A5M / S-96 / Type 96;
    Dave -- Nakajima E8N;
    Dick -- Seversky A8V; American;
    Doc -- Messerschmitt Bf 110; German; not in Japanese military service;
    Frank -- Mitsubishi TK-4; (did not exist) and Nakajima Ki.84 'Hayate';
    and Nakajima Ki.106; and Nakajima Ki.113; and Nakajima Ki.116;
    Fred -- Focke-Wulf Fw 190; German; not in Japanese military service;
    George -- Kawanishi N1K2-J 'Shiden';
    Glenn -- Yokosuka E14Y;
    Gus -- Nakajima AT-27; (did not exist);
    Hamp -- Mitsubishi A6M 'Rei-Sen' with clipped wing tips; ex 'Hap';
    Hank -- Aichi E10A;
    Hap -- Mitsubishi A6M 'Rei-Sen' with clipped wing tips; renamed 'Hamp';
    Harry -- Mitsubishi TK-4; (did not exist);
    Irving -- Nakajima J1N; (J1N1-S 'Gekko');
    Jack -- Mitsubishi J2M 'Raiden';
    Jake -- Aichi E13A;
    Jerry -- Heinkel He 112; German;
    Jim -- Nakajima Ki.43; (unofficial code name ?);
    Joe -- TK-19; (did not exist);
    Luke -- Mitsubishi J4M;
    Mike -- Messerschmitt Bf 109; German;
    Nate -- Nakajima Ki.27;
    Nick -- Kawasaki Ki.45 'Toryu' / Type 2;
    Norm -- Kawanishi E15K 'Shiun';
    Omar -- Suzukaze 20; (did not exist)
    Oscar -- Nakajima Ki.43 'Hayabusa';
    Paul-- Aichi E16A 'Zuiun';
    Perry -- Kawasaki Ki.10;
    Pete -- Mitsubishi F1M;
    Randy -- Kawasaki Ki.102;
    Ray -- Mitsubishi Type 1; (did not exist); could have been A6M;
    Rex -- Kawanishi N1K1-J 'Kyofu';
    Rob -- Kawasaki Ki.64;
    Rufe -- Nakajima A6M2-N, floatplane version of Mitsubishi A6M2;
    Sam -- Mitsubishi A7M 'Reppu';
    Slim -- Watanuabe E9W;
    Toby -- Lockheed 14; American;
    Tojo -- Nakajima Ki.44 'Shoki';
    Tony -- Kawasaki Ki.61 'Hien' / Type 3; and Kawasaki Ki.100 / Type 5;
    Zeke -- Mitsubishi A6M 'Rei-Sen';

    | Boys Names | Girls w/T Names | Bird Names | Tree Names | Other/Unnamed |

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  2. Names of Girls - Bombers, Dive-Bombers, Torpedo-Bombers, Seaplanes, Reconnaissance aircraft;
    Ann -- Mitsubishi Ki.30;
    Babs -- Mitsubishi Ki.15 'Karigane' / Type 97; and Mitsubishi C5M;
    Belle -- Kawanishi H3K;
    Bess -- Heinkel He 111; German; not in Japanese military service;
    Betty -- Mitsubishi G4M; and Mitsubishi G6M;
    Cherry -- Yokosuka H5Y;
    Clara -- Tachikawa Ki.70;
    Dinah -- Mitsubishi Ki.46 'Shitei' / Type 100;
    Doris -- Mitsubishi B-97; (did not exist);
    Edna-- Mitsubishi Ki.71;
    Bily or Bely -- Kawanishi H8K / Type 2;
    Eva or Eve -- ? (not a military aircraft);
    Frances -- Yokosuka P1Y1 'Ginga' / P1Y2 'Kyokko';
    Grace -- Aichi B7A 'Ryusei';
    Helen -- Nakajima Ki.49 'Donryu' / Type 100; and Nakajima Ki.58; and Nakajima Ki.80;
    Ida -- Tachikawa Ki.36; and Tachikawa Ki.55;
    Ione -- Aichi AI-104; (did not exist);
    Irene -- Junkers Ju 87 'Stuka'; German; not in Japanese military service;
    Janice -- Junkers Ju 88; German; not in Japanese military service;
    Jean -- Yokosuka B4Y;
    Jill -- Nakajima B6N 'Tenzan';
    Joyce -- Tachikawa; (did not exist);
    Judy -- Yokosuka D4Y 'Suisei';
    Julia -- Type 97 heavy bomber; (did not exist); could have been Ki.48;
    June -- Seaplane version of Aichi D3A; (did not exist); could have been E13A;
    Kate -- Nakajima B5N / Type 97; and Mitsubishi B5M (Kate 61);
    Laura -- Aichi E11A;
    Lily -- Kawasaki Ki.48;
    Liz -- Nakajima G5N;
    Loise or Louise -- Mitsubishi Ki.2;
    Lorna -- Kyushu Q1W 'Tokai';
    Mabel -- Mitsubishi B5M;
    Mavis -- Kawanishi H6K;
    Millie -- Vultee VG-11; American; not in Japanese military service;
    Myrt -- Nakajima C6N 'Saiun';
    Nell -- Mitsubishi G3M / Type 96;
    Norma -- Type 97 light bomber; (did not exist); could have been Ki.15;
    Pat or Patsy -- Tachikawa Ki.74;
    Peggy -- Mitsubishi Ki.67 'Hiryu'; and Mitsubishi Ki.109;
    Rita -- Nakajima G8N 'Renzan';
    Ruth -- Fiat BR 20; Italian;
    Sally -- Mitsubishi Ki.21 / OB-97 / Type 97;
    Sonia -- Mitsubishi Ki.51;
    Stella -- Kokusai Ki.76;
    Susie -- Aichi D1A;
    Val -- Aichi D3A / Type 99;

    | Boys Names | Girls Names | Bird Names | Tree Names | Other/Unnamed |

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  3. Names of Girls, starting with 'T' - Transport aircraft;
    Tabby -- Showa / Nakajima L2D; license built Douglas DC-3;
    Tess -- Douglas DC-2; American;
    Thalia -- Kawasaki Ki.56;
    Thelma -- Tachikawa LO;
    Theresa -- Kokusai Ki.59;
    Thora -- Nakajima Ki.34;
    Tina -- Mitsubishi L3Y;
    Topsy -- Mitsubishi Ki.57 / MC-20; transport version of Ki.21;
    Trixie -- Junkers Ju 52/3m; German; not in Japanese military service;
    Trudy -- Focke Wulf Fw 200 'Condor'; German; not in Japanese military service;

    | Boys Names | Girls Names | Girls w/T Names | Bird Names | Other/Unnamed |

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  4. Tree Names - Trainers;
    Cedar -- Tachikawa Ki.17;
    Cypress -- Kyushu K9W;
    Hickory -- Tachikawa Ki.54;
    Oak -- Kawanishi K10W;
    Pine -- Mitsubishi K3M;
    Spruce -- Tachikawa Ki.9;
    Willow -- Yokosuka K5Y;

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  5. Bird Names - Gliders;
    Gander or Goose -- Kokusai Ku.8;


  6. Others - Japanese military aircraft without code names;
    Baka - Japanese for 'crazy'; (unofficial code name); -- Yokosuka MXY7 'Ohaka'; Kamikaze rocket propelled bomb;
    ? -- Kyushu J7W 'Shinden'; pusher prop fighter with canards;
    ? -- Mitsubishi J8M 'Shusui'; Me 163 copy;
    ? -- Ki.109; bomber;
    ? -- Nakajima Ki.115; Kamikaze plane;
    ? -- Nakajima Type 95; observation / reconnaissance plane;

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Appendix